§132(3) of Copyright Act and terms of entry Maximum penalty available AUD$60,000 (approx. USD $57,000) fine or 5 years’ imprisonment


Art. 46 (10.) of the PRC Copyright Law (2001) Art. 47 of the PRC Copyright Law, where the circumstances are serious, copyright administrative authorities have the right to confiscate any device used for copyright infringement.

Hong Kong  HK$5,000 (approx. USD $640) on 1st conviction, and HK$5,0000 (approx. USD $6,400) + 3-months imprisonment for subsequent offenses India Under the Copyright Act, 1957 [§14(1)(d)(i)] the copyright owner has exclusive right to make a copy of the film. A camcorded copy would be one such copy. Hence making a camcorder copy would constitute infringement of copyright. There is however, a proposal under consideration by the Govt. to include in the exceptions of fair use the making of one copy of a cinematograph film. If this legislation goes through, making a single camcorder copy may not constitute infringement. Minimum of 6 months imprisonment and Rs. 50,000 (approx. USD $1,250) fine & maximum of 3 years’ imprisonment and Rs. 200,000 (approx. USD $5,000) fine.

Indonesia Art. 72 (1) of the Copyright Law relating to provisions in Art. 2 which mentions publish or produce shall also mean recording Minimum of 1 month imprisonment and Rp 1,000,000 (approx. USD $1,100) fine & maximum of 7 years’ imprisonment and Rp 5,000,000,000 (approx. USD $532,000) fine

Japan  Imprisonment for a term not exceeding 10 years or a fine not exceeding 10 million yen (approx. USD $95,000) or both, under the Art. 119, Copyright Law

Malaysia  Copyright Act 1987, §41(1)(g). Cinema exhibitors can prohibit/seize recording devices used to record the movie and detain the suspects (by making a citizen arrest). The suspect then must be handed over to the police/MDTCA immediately. Minimum fine of RM 4,000 (approx. USD $1,200) for each offense and/or imprisonment up to 10 years.

Philippines  Person found guilty of violating the provisions of the Act shall be subject to a fine of Fifty Thousand Pesos (PhP 50, 000.00) but not exceeding Seven Hundred Fifty Thousand Pesos (PhP 750,000.00) and imprisonment of six (6) months and one (1) day to six (6) years and one (1) day; If the purpose of the commission of the offenses is the sale, rental or other commercial distribution of a copy of the subject work or any part thereof, the penalty shall be imposed in the maximum; Second offense: imprisonment from 3 years and one day to 6 years, plus a fine ranging from 150,000 pesos to 500,000 pesos. Third offense: imprisonment from 6 years and one day to 9 years, plus a fine ranging from 500,000 pesos to 1,500,000 pesos. In all cases, additional imprisonment if convicted person fails to pay any fine, even if due to insolvency.

Singapore  Copyright Law and Common law trespass; (§136(4) Copyright Act – 4) applies to “[a] person who, at a time when copyright subsists in a work, makes or has in his possession an article specifically designed or adapted for making copies of the work that the person knows, or ought reasonably to know, is to be used for making infringing copies of the work ….” Fine not to exceed S$20,000 (approx. USD $15,000) and/or up to 2 years’ imprisonment

Taiwan  Copyright Law: Art. 91 Up to 3 years’ imprisonment and/or a fine not to exceed TWD 750,000 (approx. USD $25,000). Thailand Copyright Act B.E. 2537 s 28 reproduction or adaptation of cinematographic work without the permission Section 68: Fine between 20,000 Baht (approx. USD $600) and 200,000 Baht (approx. USD $6,000); if offense is committed for a commercial purpose, imprisonment between 6 months and 4 years and/or a fine from 100,000 Baht (approx. USD $3,000) to 800,000 Baht (approx. USD $24,000)